In 1998, Cats was turned into a made-for-television film. It remains Broadway's fourth-longest-running show in history. ", "Behind the scenes of CAT's @ Regent Theatre", "What's a Jellicle Cat? It tells the story of a tribe of cats called the Jellicles and the night they make the "Jellicle choice," deciding which cat will ascend to the Heaviside Layer and come back to a new life. The movie is based on the Broadway hit musical, CATS written by Andrew Lloyd Webber. [2] Musicologists William Everett and Paul Laird described Cats as "combining elements of the revue and concept musical". The 2015 Australian Tour and 2015 Paris productions also used the new Tugger; however, the 2016 Broadway revival does not. [208] Other productions were also staged at the Divadlo Milenium in Prague from 2004 to 2005,[189] and a Norwegian revival at the Chat Noir in Oslo in 2009. [396][397] The 2015 Australian tour and 2015 Paris production also used the new version of the character; however, the 2016 Broadway revival did not. Block as Grizabella and Lara Teeter as Munkustrap. Grizabella leaves and the music changes to a cheerful upbeat number as Bustopher Jones, a fat cat in "a coat of fastidious black", appears ("Bustopher Jones: The Cat About Town"). [1], One of Nunn's stipulations for agreeing to direct Practical Cats was that actress Judi Dench would be cast in the musical. Produced by Tim O'Connor, the production was performed at the Brisbane Convention & Exhibition Centre. [196], Meanwhile, the Carré Theatre in Amsterdam, Netherlands, staged the musical in 1987 (with Ruth Jacott as Grizabella[197]), 1988 and from 1992 to 1993. The 2015 London revival and UK Tour introduced numerous 'modernizations' to the show, such as a rapped version of "The Rum Tum Tugger,"[27][28] whose character and costume is also completely reworked, changing him from a ladies-man "rock star" style character, to a "young urban" style cat, changing him also from one of the adult toms, to one of the kittens. For Userboxes Wikipedia:Userboxes/Cats. "[328] Thanks to its easily accessible spectacle, the original Broadway production also tapped into the then-burgeoning tourist boom in New York and its audience shifted increasingly towards foreign visitors in its later years. Both productions featured Ken Page reprising his role as Old Deuteronomy from the original Broadway production, along with Jacquelyn Piro Donovan as Grizabella and Jeffry Denman as Munkustrap. Billington praised the show's "strong framework" and the ease in which the poems were integrated. Eventually, the Broadway version of the song was rewritten to allow Mungojerrie and Rumpleteazer to once again sing their own song as full characters. The musical tells the story of a tribe of cats called the Jellicles and the night they make what is known as "the Jellicle choice" and decide which cat will ascend to the Heaviside Layer and come back to a new life. [249], Besides Japan, Cats is also produced regularly in other parts of Asia. One actress, Marlene Danielle, performed in the Broadway production for its entire run (from 1982 until 2000). [174][181] It also led to a "construction boom" in Germany as new theatrical venues such as the Schmidt Theater were enacted all around the country. The musical was co-produced by the original London production team, along with David Geffen and The Shubert Organization. [334] The musical was also a boon for the Broadway touring industry. Also, a brief song entitled "The Moments of Happiness" was taken from a passage in Eliot's Four Quartets. Within his song, a whole steam train engine is assembled out of objects in the junkyard. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. The conductor was Harry Rabinowicz. The official Cats t-shirt became the second-best-selling t-shirt in the world in the 1980s, second only to the Hard Rock Cafe t-shirt. However, the cats do not understand him, so he has Jemima (also known as Sillabub), the youngest of all Jellicles, sing it in simpler terms ("The Moments of Happiness"). This production is a "slow tour" with engagements lasting for several years in each of the nine cities it has visited. Munkustrap introduces Jennyanydots ("The Old Gumbie Cat"), a large tabby cat. During the Ball, Grizabella reappears and tries to dance along, but her age and decrepit condition prevent her from doing so. [10] Along with this Andrew Lloyd Webber would be rewriting a number of songs from the musical. [305] In his review for The New York Times, Frank Rich noted that the main draw of the show was that it "transports the audience into a complete fantasy world that could only exist in the theater". [1], In 1998, Lloyd Webber produced a video version of Cats, based upon the stage version, starring Elaine Paige, who originated the role of Grizabella in London; Ken Page, who originated Old Deuteronomy on Broadway; Sir John Mills as Gus; Michael Gruber as Munkustrap; John Partridge as The Rum Tum Tugger; Jo Gibb as Rumpelteazer with many of the dancers and singers drawn largely from various stage productions of the show. Said Nunn: "[O]n day one of rehearsals what we had was 15 poems set to music and five weeks later we had a show with characters, relationships and stories running from beginning to end. Her faded appearance and lonely disposition have little effect on her song ("Memory"). [16] Many of the songs are pastiches of their respective genres, which Snelson attributes to the show's origins as a song cycle: The original concept of a set of contrasting numbers, without a dramatic narrative, meant that each song needed to establish some sort of musical characterization independent of the others and develop a quick rapport with the audience. [298] Michael Billington of The Guardian lauded Cats as "an exhilarating piece of total theatre". "With a frightful burst of fireworks the Chinks they swarmed aboard!" [i] Finally, Old Deuteronomy gives an address to the audience, closing the show ("The Ad-dressing of Cats"). The songs of the musical comprise Eliot's verse set to music by the composer, the principal exception being the most famous song from the musical, "Memory", for which the lyrics were written by Trevor Nunn after an Eliot poem entitled "Rhapsody on a Windy Night". [175], The original Viennese cast included Ute Lemper who played Bombalurina, Steve Barton who played Munkustrap, and Robert Montano who played Pouncival. [82] Before Cats, the industry-wide belief was that British dancers were inferior to their Broadway counterparts. [33], Cats is an ensemble show with a large supporting cast and no leads.[34]. [8], It was announced on 27 June 2014 that "Cats" will be returning to London from December 2014 for a 12-week run at the London Palladium following the UK national tour with the original creative team featuring direction from Trevor Nunn, choreography by Gillian Lynne and design by John Napier. A sombre moral from Old Deuteronomy is interrupted by a second loud crash, presumably from Macavity, which sends the alarmed cats scurrying. [106] At the time, the musical was found to have had an economic impact of $3.12 billion on New York City and had generated the most theatrical jobs of any single entity in Broadway history. [269], The musical has also been translated and staged nationally in Asia. It played a total of 8,949 performances in London. [94] The costumes generally consist of a unitard, a wig that is fashioned to suggest the presence of feline ears, patches resembling body fur, and arm and leg warmers to give the performers' hands and feet a more paw-like appearance. They are one of the most popular pets in the world. The musical was produced by Mackintosh and Lloyd Webber's Really Useful Group, with direction by Nunn, choreography by Lynne (who also served as the associate director), set and costume design by Napier, lighting design by David Hersey, sound design by Abe Jacob and music direction by Harry Rabinowitz. The US tour continues to use the original Broadway version of the score, including the Italian aria and material cut from newer versions. [14] Leona Lewis was cast to replace her,[15] but she was replaced by Mamie Parris in October 2016.[16]. He is a "master criminal" and is never found at the scene of the crime. [15][87] Nunn and Napier had sought to create "an environment rather than a set",[17] and around $900,000 was spent remodelling the New London in preparation for the show. Lloyd Webber personally underwrote the musical and took out a second mortgage on his house for the down payment of the theatre. Cats opened to positive reviews at the New London Theatre in the West End in 1981 and then to mixed reviews at the Winter Garden Theatre on Broadway in 1982. [16] The original London production of Cats was also the first known instance in which an entire cast was individually outfitted with radio microphones. Act II – Why Will the Summer Day Delay – When Will Time Flow Away? [179], Influenced by the show's success in Vienna, a German production by Stella Entertainment premiered in April 1986 at the newly renovated Operettenhaus in Hamburg. [342] Moreover, the musical led to a surge in the sales of Eliot's book. ), a one-man show written by Jamie Beamish and Richard Hardwick, is a dark comedy about the fictitious life of Dave, a cat who was fired from the original London production of Cats on opening night. The opening night cast included Laurie Beechman playing Grizabella and Charlotte d'Amboise playing Cassandra; later replacements included Victoria Clark and Jessica Molaskey both playing Jellylorum/Griddlebone. Munkustrap (the wise second-in-command of the Jellicle tribe) explains that tonight, the Jellicle leader, Old Deuteronomy, will choose a cat to be reborn into a new life on the Heaviside Layer. [263] Cats toured Asia again from 2014 to 2015, making stops in South Korea, Singapore and Macau. [202] This Danish production was translated by Adam Price and was one of the largest theatrical productions ever mounted in the country at the time with 100 performers, musicians and stagehands. Actresses Elaine Paige and Betty Buckley became particularly associated with the musical. The musical was chosen as one of fifteen "outstanding artifacts, events and activities" from the 1980s to be commemorated with its own stamp design. Andrew Lloyd Webber began composing the songs in late 1977 and premiered the compositions at the Sydmonton Festival in 1980. [329], The musical's fantasy setting and disregard for verisimilitude allowed for groundbreaking experimentations in lighting and audio technology. ", "TV NOTES; BROADWAY FIRST: 'CATS' DOES ROCK VIDEO TURN", "A Broadway First: 'Cats' Vidclip Gets Digital Sound", "Broadway's 'Cats': Restaged for Eternity (And We Thought They Were Kidding! Gus then remembers how he once played the infamous pirate captain, Growltiger a.k.a. He is a large old Cat that "has lived many lives" and "buried nine wives (And more, I am tempted to say—ninety-nine)". T.S. Produced by Tim O'Connor, the production was performed at the Brisbane Convention & Exhibition Centre. The number of overnight visitors to the city increased by over one million per year within the first five years of the show's premiere. [211][212] They then staged a Russian-language production at the Moscow Palace of Youth from 2005 to 2006, with a cast that included Ivan Ozhogin as Munkustrap. But everyone is already buzzing about this feature. [16] Lynne also trained the cast to evoke the movement, physicality and behaviour of actual cats. CATS the movie is set to release this December 29 in theatres across the US. The cats in Cats are Jellicle Cats. Stagecoach Theatre Arts schools celebrated their 25th anniversary by performing Cats in the Birmingham National Indoor Arena on 24 March 2013. [309] Two years later, the original Broadway production won seven Tony Awards, including Best Musical, out of eleven nominations. Cats introduced the song standard "Memory". [154] The production ran through 2014 before transferring to the West End. We decided that if Eliot had thought of being serious, touching, almost tragic in his presentation of a feline character, then we had to be doing a show which could contain that material, and the implications of it. In order to reproduce the "hand-drawn aesthetic" of Napier's original design sketches, costume painters in the original Broadway production used squeeze bottles to apply the paint. [89], After the show's closure on Broadway in 2000, Troika Entertainment obtained the touring rights for Cats and launched the show's first non-Equity national company. at The Ambassadors Theatre", "Katdashians! Hushed giggling signals the entrance of Mungojerrie and Rumpleteazer, a pair of near-identical Cats. [298] Robert Cushman's review for The Observer concluded that Cats was flawed but unmissable. The Musical! [118], The fourth national company, Cats National IV, toured the United States for 13 years from March 1987 to December 1999. [224] The 2013–2014 UK tour visited cities in Belgium,[215][225] Greece, Italy,[226] Monaco, and Portugal. [96] A June closing date was announced in early 2000 but was subsequently pushed back after a resulting surge in ticket sales. [330] The departure from shared ambient microphones meant that the show did not have to depend on the acoustics and architectural design of the theatrical venue, and enabled the sound designer to achieve cinematic levels of sound amplification and studio-quality audio in live theatre. This category has the following 11 subcategories, out of 11 total. As of 2016, Cats is the fourth-longest-running show in Broadway history, and was the longest running Broadway show in history from 1997 to 2006 when it was surpassed by The Phantom of the Opera. Long-running foreign productions include a 15-year run at the Operettenhaus in Hamburg that played over 6,100 performances, as well as an ongoing run in a purpose-built theatre in Japan that has played over 10,000 performances since it opened in 1983. The film was directed by David Mallet and was shot at the Adelphi Theatre in London. In 1988, the show transferred to the newly renovated Ronacher Theatre where it ran for another two years before closing on its seventh anniversary in September 1990. Early advertisements for the musical did not feature traditional pull quotes (despite many positive reviews) or any of the cast, instead branding the show itself as the star. Skimbleshanks is considered vital to the train, as without him "the train can't start". [299] The show received similarly glowing reviews from The Sunday Times' Derek Jewell and The Stage's Peter Hepple. [149] Hammond reprised the role on tour again from 2007 to 2008. It has been performed around the world many times and has been translated into more than 20 languages. [180], Cats redefined musical theatre in the German-speaking part of the world, turning an industry which consisted of repertory theatre at the time towards privately funded commercial productions. After the overture, the Cats gather on stage and explain the Jellicle tribe and its purpose ("Jellicle Songs for Jellicle Cats"). [114][174] The Vienna production played a total of 2,040 performances to more than 2.3 million audience members. The cast for this tour included Marti Webb as Grizabella, Rosemarie Ford as Bombalurina and John Partridge as Alonzo. By December, the full cast had been assembled. This all-dance show's action is set on a gigantic rubbish dump which, after dark, becomes alive with cats of all types, shapes and sizes. [97], The plot of Cats revolves around a tribe of cats vying to go to the "Heaviside Layer", which is used as a metaphor for rebirth. [34] Instead of a conventional proscenium, the theatre was quasi-in-the-round with a central revolving stage. [327] Composer Joe Raposo said of family musicals in 1986: "Cats is a wonderful proof of what an audience is out there, untapped. Directed by Trevor Nunn and choreographed by Gillian Lynne, Cats first opened in the West End in 1981 and then with the same creative team on Broadway in 1982. [209] The first Italian-language production began touring Italy in 2009. Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats is a collection of light poetry about cats that Eliot had originally written for his godchildren in the 1930s. [11] Meanwhile, Mackintosh recruited Nunn, the then artistic director of the Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC), to direct Practical Cats. Study Flashcards On Names of characters in the musical CATS at Its Broadway record was surpassed on 9 January 2006 by The Phantom of the Opera. He was once a famous actor but is now old and "suffers from palsy which makes his paws shake." Due to the amount of dancing in Cats, most of the costumes did not last longer than a few months. [160][164] The production has played over 10,000 performances to over 10 million audience members. The lyrics for "Memory" were not completed by Nunn until well into the previews. [318][327] The marketing campaigns for the musical targeted family audiences at a time when this demographic was not a consideration in the industry. [5] The concept and the corresponding song "Journey to the Heaviside Layer" are based on an unpublished poem fragment by T. S. It is a story about two dog tribes clashing in the street and subsequently being scared away by the Great Rumpus Cat, a cat with flashing red eyes. [308] [79], The musical also features an unusual amount of "group-description" numbers. Cats (2019) had some big shoes to fill for Andrew Lloyd Webber, even with names like Dench and Swift. [227] These European tours have featured several notable performers in the role of Grizabella, including Pernilla Wahlgren (Sweden; 2003),[228] Katarína Hasprová (Slovakia; 2016)[229] and Jenna Lee-James (Netherlands; 2018–2019). With a third crash and an evil laugh, the "most wanted" cat Macavity appears. The movie version of Victoria remains a graceful ballerina, but has taken over Jemima/Sillabub's role in the stage show with regards to Grizabella's story, as … He is a wise old cat who "has lived many lives" and is tasked with choosing which Jellicle will go to the Heaviside Layer every year. There are also sub-categories for characters that are fictional in-universe or not cats. The music changes suddenly and The Rum Tum Tugger makes an extravagant entrance ("The Rum Tum Tugger"). This score contains several small cuts, transpositions, additions, reassignment of vocal lines, and a reduced orchestration. [100] It played a total of 8,949 performances before closing on its 21st anniversary, 11 May 2002. [300], There were a few lukewarm reviews, most notably from Irving Wardle of The Times. ", "The Jellicles of Broadway's Cats Welome Their New Grizabella Today", "Stage Review: 'Cats' Approaches Purrfection", "Nine Lives and Three Decades Later, Cats National Tour Purrs Its Way Across U.S. With New Dates", "Flying High ** Wilson native is Broadway's newest Wicked Witch of the West ** 'Wicked' on Broadway", "CATS regresa a Broadway, tras 16 años de haber cerrado el telón", "Gerardo Quiroz graduates with premiere of Cats", "El musical 'Cats' concluirá su temporada en el DF", "Musical "cats" volverá este 2015 con el mismo elenco", "Cats, teatro mexicano con talla de Broadway", "Rocío Banquells cumple su sueño de participar en 'Cats, "Landeta asegura que elenco de Cats supera al de 1991", "Yuri dará vida a Grizabella en el musical Cats", "El musical Cats llega a sus 200 representaciones", "A purr-fect role... but I'm turning into a cat! In the 1998 video version, the entire scene featuring Growltiger was cut due to John Mills' (Gus) old age. [155] Most recently, a UK production played in numerous European cities from 2016 to 2019, with tour stops in Switzerland, Croatia, Belgium, Poland, Bulgaria, Germany, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Netherlands, and Luxembourg. In the 1998 video version, the entire scene featuring Growltiger was cut. From 21 August through 11 September 2013, the Finger Lakes Musical Theatre Festival (Auburn, NY) staged a production of the show with Taylor Dayne as Grizabella, KC Fredericks as Mr. Mistoffelees, Patrick Mellen as Old Deuteronomy, and Adam Ryan Tackett as Rum Tum Tugger. [285][286] A 2010 amphitheatre production at The Muny starred Page as Old Deuteronomy, Stephanie J. This was a big financial risk for the Shiki Theatre Company as it meant that a long run was needed to turn a profit; however, stage productions in Japan ran on a monthly basis at the time and open-ended runs were unheard of. [82][85], The original staging of Cats at the New London Theatre was considered revolutionary[86] and "one of the first truly immersive theatrical experiences". Cats is a sung-through musical composed by Andrew Lloyd Webber, based on the 1939 poetry collection Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats by T. S. Eliot.It tells the story of a tribe of cats called the Jellicles and the night they make the "Jellicle choice," deciding which cat will ascend to the Heaviside Layer and come back to a new life. )", "Cats: classic musical to feature a rapping cat", "事例 研 究 :劇 団 四季 一文化 とマ ー ケ テ ィ ング の融 合 一", "Cats, Postdramatic Blockbuster Aesthetics and the Triumph of the Megamusical",, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "Prologue: Jellicle Songs for Jellicle Cats" – The Company, "The Naming of Cats" – Asparagus, Munkustrap, The Company, "Victoria's Dance/The Invitation to the Jellicle Ball" – Victoria, Quaxo, Munkustrap, Company, "The Old Gumbie Cat" – Jennyanydots, Munkustrap, Bombalurina, Jellylorum, Demeter, Company, "The Rum Tum Tugger" – Rum Tum Tugger, Quaxo, Bombalurina, Company, "Grizabella: The Glamour Cat" – Grizabella, Demeter, Bombalurina, Company, "Bustopher Jones: The Cat About Town" – Bustopher Jones, Jennyanydots, Bombalurina, Jellylorum, Company, "Mungojerrie and Rumpleteazer" – Mungojerrie, Rumpleteazer, Company, "Old Deuteronomy" – Munkustrap, Rum Tum Tugger, Old Deuteronomy, Company, "The Awefull Battle of the Pekes and the Pollicles", "Grizabella: The Glamour Cat" (reprise) – Jellylorum and Jemima, "The Moments of Happiness" – Old Deuteronomy, Jemima, Company, "Gus: The Theatre Cat" – Asparagus, Jellylorum, "Growltiger's Last Stand" (including "The Ballad of Billy M'Caw"), "Skimbleshanks: The Railway Cat" – Skimbleshanks and Company, "Macavity: The Mystery Cat" – Demeter, Bombalurina, Girls, "Mr. Mistoffelees" – Mr. Mistoffelees, Rum Tum Tugger, and Company, "The Journey to the Heaviside Layer" – The Company, "The Ad-Dressing of Cats" – Old Deuteronomy and Company, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 15:51. [108], Encouraged by the reception to the first West End revival, producers began looking to bring Cats back to Broadway in early 2015. The cats (who break the fourth wall throughout the show) then notice that they are being watched by a human audience, and proceed to explain how the different cats of the tribe are named ("The Naming of Cats"). The character's role has been greatly expanded from her stage counterpart. This new version was subsequently incorporated into most productions of Cats worldwide. became "with a frightful burst of fireworks, the Siamese they swarmed aboard! Grizabella leaves and the music changes to a cheerful upbeat number as Bustopher Jones, a fat cat in "a coat of fastidious black", is brought to the stage ("Bustopher Jones: The Cat About Town"). All the cats back away from her in fear and disgust and explain her unfortunate state ("Grizabella: The Glamour Cat"). [310] The London and Broadway cast recordings were nominated for the Grammy Award for Best Musical Theater Album, which the latter won. [352] Other stage shows that satirise Cats include Six Degrees of Separation,[347] Angels in America,[296] and The Musical of Musicals (The Musical!). Despite mixed reviews when Cats opened in New York in 1982, critics agreed that it was innovative and visually spectacular in ways that Broadway had never seen before. In the original London production, the "last duet" for Growltiger and Griddlebone was a setting for an unpublished Eliot poem, "The Ballad of Billy M'Caw". . Cats premiered in the West End at the New London Theatre on May 11, 1981. Official: CATS Finds Its Grizabella- Leona Lewis Will Play the Glamour Cat on Broadway! They are kept by humans for … [180][181] Cats was the first stage production in the country to be mounted without public funding and was also the first to run for multiple years; its success established the medium as a profitable venture in Germany. As of 2019, Cats remains the fourth-longest-running Broadway show and the sixth-longest-running West End show. [75], Lloyd Webber also employs various techniques to help connect the pieces. [160][161] An initial investment of ¥800 million (US$3.4 million in 1983) was required to bring Cats to Japan, including ¥300 million for the construction of a purpose-built theatre tailored to the needs of the musical. Bustopher Jones is among the elite of the cats, and visits prestigious gentlemen's clubs.